Chronic Diseases

Diseases more commonly associated such as cancer, heart disease, and diabetes, are significantly on the rise in poor countries. A World Health Organization report from 2018 states that 15 million people between the ages of 30 and 69 die every year from non-communicable diseases (NCDs), as these types of illnesses are known, and more than 85 percent of those deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries. It’s easy to see how this happens. People facing food insecurity often resort to high calorie, low-nutrition processed foods, because that is what is affordable, but this places them at risk for developing diabetes. A lack of hospitals or clinics means a family member’s hypertension could go undiagnosed for years. People living with HIV are at much greater risk of developing  because their weak immune systems are susceptible to infections that can cause cancer.

Identifying and treating NCDs requires a dedicated global effort. If nothing changes, it’s estimated that by 2025, NCDs will cost poor countries $7 trillion in lost earnings from people who suffer these diseases, keeping millions of people trapped in poverty. Arrow Africa Foundation works to ensure that everyone living with NCDs receives health care by helping governments through private healthcare partnership to incorporate NCD programs into public health systems and by building, advocating for, and implementing strategies that involve private healthcare regional, and national partnership.

Child Health

 Every day, 20,000 children die worldwide from conditions that could be prevented or treated. Most of these conditions—including pneumonia, malaria, and malnutrition—have seemingly simple remedies, such as vaccines, bed nets, and clean drinking water. But poverty and systemic injustice prevent children from receiving the care they need.

Arrow Africa Foundation is on a mission to change that. We provide health care and social support for children in our communities around the Africa, delivering compassionate care to society’s most vulnerable. We do this while strengthening health systems to ensure that future generations receive the care they need. Our program areas range from malnutrition to HIV but have one idea in common—no child should die because they lack access to care.

Emergency Response

Whether for a natural or manmade disaster, we’re able to respond not just to the short-term emergency, but to its root causes: Security for women, minority sexually communities, poverty and injustice. Our disaster relief involves partnering with communities for the long haul—equipping them with the tools today to prevent a disaster tomorrow.


When we began caring for sex workers and people living with HIV/AIDS, we were told treatment wasn’t an option in impoverished communities and to focus on prevention instead—a mindset that essentially would have left millions of people worldwide without care, and a worldview we refused to accept.

In 2014, we launched the HIV Equity Initiative in Kenya one of the first programs to provide free, comprehensive HIV/AIDS treatment. We recruited and trained community members to serve as community health workers and to deliver medication to people living with HIV, accompanying them throughout treatment. Within months, the patients gained weight. Those on their deathbeds survived. And the program paved the way for groundbreaking research that ushered in a new, more equitable era of global HIV/AIDS care.

Maternal Health 

Health care for women young girls of reproductive age and expectant mothers is often considered a “report card” for the strength of a health system and for global action towards health equity and human rights. Unfortunately, our global society is failing: Every day, more than 100,000 women die from complications related to pregnancy and childbirth, with most of those deaths entirely preventable. Where AAF works, maternal mortality rates are some of the worst in the world: A woman’s lifetime risk of dying in pregnancy or childbirth is 1 in 50 in Africa and  the risk is 1 in 30 the world’s worst rate. Believing in women’s rights as human rights, Arrow Africa Foundation focuses heavily on caring for women and expectant mothers. Around the East Africa, we partner with health care providers both in public and private sector to improve health systems on behalf of women and their families. And across rural, underserved communities, we deliver comprehensive women’s and maternal health care to not only save lives, but also promote the right to health, safety, and autonomy among those marginalized by gender.

Mental Health

The World Health Organization prior to the arrival of COVID-19 has estimated that untreated mental disorders account for 13 percent of the global burden of disease, and that by 2030, depression alone will be the leading cause of disability around the world outpacing heart disease, cancer, and HIV.  Almost half the East Africa population lives in these countries were, on average, there is one psychiatrist to serve 500,000 or more people. And it’s likely that in these places, people are poor and suffer other diseases, which can create and worsen mental health problems. They might also have lived through wars or natural disasters. Additionally, stigma against mental disorders such as depression, schizophrenia, bipolar, and epilepsy often goes unchecked, discouraging people from seeking care and sometimes leading to inhumane treatment. With COVID-19, we can expect that the toll of mental health problems will multiply, for individuals and communities. These problems develop at the intersection of inequalities within and across societies, particularly in times of crisis or pandemics, and are compounded by a global lack of trained providers. Innovative and brave solutions are needed to meet the growing burden and complex array of new problems that health care staff and systems must collectively address, across high-, middle-, and low-income countries

Mental Health Service Planning Matrix

 The AAF Cross-Site Mental Health Matrix to Achieve Universal Health Coverage is a planning tool to expand service delivery and model effective implementation of mental health services at national referral hospitals, district hospitals, health centers, and community levels and private health providers in Africa regions.

Mental Health Programs

We are helping thousands of patients around the Africa through innovative programs proving that high-quality mental health care can and should be available to all people, no matter where they live.


Tuberculosis (TB) is a common, and in many cases lethal, infectious disease. It usually attacks the lungs, but also can affect other parts of the body. TB is spread through the air, when people who have an active TB infection cough or sneeze. Symptoms of TB include a chronic cough with blood-tinged sputum, fever, night sweats, and weight loss. Diagnosis relies on chest X-rays, a tuberculin skin test, and blood tests, as well as sputum samples. 

People with weakened immune systems, from diseases such as HIV, diabetes, or malnutrition, are particularly susceptible to TB. Worldwide, TB remains a leading cause of death for people with HIV. TB, like many infectious diseases, glaringly reveals health care inequities. According to the World Health Organization, it  is the deadliest infectious disease in the world, infecting 10 million people in 2018 and killing 1.5 million. More than 95 percent of those cases and deaths occurred in developing countries.

Arrow Africa foundation has battled this inequity for more than a decades, by treating and preventing TB, its more severe, drug-resistant variants, and co-infections of HIV and TB in some of the poorest and most vulnerable communities in the East Africa. Our community-based approach to care has resulted in some of the highest cure rates and lowest treatment default rates ever recorded.

Building Strong Health Systems

Arrow Africa Foundation acts on the belief that the best way to guarantee high-quality, dignified care is to rely upon and invest in local health systems.

 What does building a health system look like? It requires–among many things–well-trained staff; proper and ample medications and supplies; health facilities with reliable space, electricity, and running water; and universally shared best practices that ensure patients receive quality care. We work with public health sectors private health providers and partners to reach these goals by accompanying them every step of the way, in solidarity through times of struggle and celebration.

ARROW AFRICA FOUNDATION (AAF), is a consciously a women’s and sexually minority human rights defenders registered in Kenya and. Operating as a virtual organisation in African continent, the organisation strategic presence in Africa’s five sub-regions- East Africa: Nairobi, Kenya; Kampala Uganda; North Africa: Cairo, Egypt; Central Africa: Burundi Cameroon; Southern Africa: Malawi; Botswana; and West Africa: Abuja, Nigeria; Republic Ethiopia.